Lo Que Duele Es Que La Gente Lo Cree: What Hurts Is at People Believe It (July 2017)
Yolanda Valencia, University of Washington.
Allegedly, these actions represented Obama’s strategy to achieve bipartisan support for comprehensive immigration reform in favor of millions of undocumented immigrants. While these actions might have come out of good intentions, broader immigration reform was never accomplished. The material consequences of a more deadly border region and massive deportations have had detrimental effects on millions of immigrants’ lives. Some argue that Obama helped undocumented immigrants by signing executive orders such as DACA and DAPA: Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (signed in November 2014) to protect certain parents of children citizens of the US from deportation. These orders, which indeed bene t those who qualify, are limited and exclusionary, creating a “deserving” and “undeserving” immigrant, and dividing families. They effectively serve as bandages, at once disguising structural racism and validating massive exclusion. Thus, while in practice Trump’s politics are not much different from Obama’s actions, what is different is Trump’s openly racist rhetoric legitimizing anti-Mexican immigrant sentiment and violent actions at a local scale, including against children in schools and sports, and against families in their own homes.
In order to illustrate this, I present three brief cases based on semi-structured interviews/conversations conducted early this year. This research took place in Eastern Washington State where I have a large Mexican immigrant network. As a Mexican immigrant myself, I am an insider to this community. The purpose of my research is, in part, to understand how Mexican immigrants build and maintain community bonds in the context of anti-immigrant politics.
When I asked an undocumented middle-aged woman what she thought about the new administration she said, “Este señor echa muchas mentiras acerca de nosotros los Mexicanos, pero lo que duele es que la gente lo cree” [This man lies a lot about us Mexicans, but what hurts is that people believe it]. This woman has a ten-year-old boy who plays soccer in a team formed mostly of children of Mexican descent. Her son has played soccer for four years and she explained that soon after Trump’s election, she was sad to hear white boys from opposing teams make racist comments such as “What are your doing here? Go back to Mexico beanners [sic]!” These comments really hurt children; her son now refuses to play sports.
A second grade teacher in the Pasco Washington School District, where the majority of children are of Mexican/Latinx descent (“Washington State Report Card” 2017), mentioned that ever since Trump’s election, her young students constantly asked her if Trump is going to deport their parents. In order to decrease their anxieties, the teacher began telling the children that she will not allow the deportation of their parents. Still, she says that the children cannot concentrate; they’re worried about losing their parents. This fear is well founded. Beginning in 2012, under the Obama administration, there has been increased cooperation between local law enforcement and the federal government to identify undocumented immigrants for deportations in several Washington counties, including Franklin, where Pasco is located (Peterson 2012). Thus, in practice, there has been intense deportation before Trump. However, fear at the personal level has intensified after Trump. This shows the power of Trump’s racist rhetoric in engendering fear and vulnerability in immigrant populations.
These are just small glimpses that illustrate how the administration’s openly racist rhetoric goes beyond the headlines and validates and justifies policies that produce material and personal consequences. Trump’s racist discourse permeates the everyday and intimate life of Mexican immigrants and their families. Such rhetoric affects children’s learning and health. It disrupts life in the “privacy” of immigrant homes and beyond.
Even though government policies and practices against Mexican immigrants have not radically changed from the last administration to the current one, there is something different and potentially good about Trumps’ openly racist rhetoric in comparison to Obama’s institutional racism disguised by a nominally progressive politics. The overt racism and intensification of anti-immigrant rhetoric, policies, and actions are more painful, and produce more immediate negative material effects. But at the same time, racism is no longer hard to see, name, and prove, making possible a stronger and more articulated resistance to it.
Gamboa, S. 2017. How ICE Arrests, Deportations under Trump Could Differ from Obama. NBC News (online), 17 February. (http://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/how-ice-arrests-deportations-under-trump- could-differ-obama-n720376) [Accessed 16 February 2017].
Marshall, S. 2016. Obama Has Deported More People Than Any Other President. ABC News (online), 19 August. (http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/obamas-deportation-policy-numbers/story?id=41715661) [Ac- cessed 11 February 2017].
Nevins, J. 2002. Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the “Illegal Alien” and the Making of the U.S.-Mexico Boundary. New York: Routledge.
Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction 2015-2016. Washington State Report Card (online). (http://reportcard.ospi.k12.wa.us/summary.aspx?schoolId=64&OrgType=4&reportLevel=Distri ct) [Accessed 13 May 2017].
Peterson, M. 2012. NEW REPORT: Impact of Secure Communities on Latinos and Local Law Enforce- ment in Eastern Washington. (http://www.walatinos.org/2012/02/impact-of-secure-communities-on-lati- nos-and-local-law-enforcement-in-eastern-washington/) [Accessed 16 October 2016].
Pierce, S. 2017. Trump Executive Order and DHS Guidance on Interior Enforcement: A Brief Review. Mi- gration Policy Institute. 22 February. (http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/trump-executive-order-and- dhs-guidance-interior-enforcement-brief-review) [Accessed 23 February 2017].
Rivas, J. 2017. A Second DACA Recipient Has Been Detained by ICE. Fusion (online). (http://fusion.net/ story/387337/ice-detains-daca-san-antonio/) [Accessed 19 February 2017].
Somin, I. 2017. Trump’s Order on Sanctuary Cities Is Dangerous and Unconstitutional. Learn Liberty (on- line). (http://www.learnliberty.org/blog/trumps-order-on-sanctuary-cities-is-dangerous-and-unconstitution- al/) [Accessed 13 May 2017].
U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2014. Border Security Overview (online). (https://www.dhs.gov/ border-security-overview) [Accessed 10 November 2014].
Yee He Lee, M. 2015. Donald Trump’s False Comments Connecting Mexican Immigrants and Crime. The Washington Post News (online), 8 July. (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/ wp/2015/07/08/donald-trumps-false-comments-connecting-mexican-immigrants-and-crime/?utm_ term=.fea271d03e58) [Accessed 16 February 2017]